A doctor who specialises in treating diseases of the bones, joints, ligaments, nerves, and tendons is known as an orthopaedic doctor. The majority of injuries diagnosed by orthopaedic doctors are caused by physical activities. They also aid in the management of conditions such as arthritis, which can deteriorate with time. Before doing a physical examination, an orthopaedic surgeon will inquire about the patient's medical or injury history. They'll move on to diagnostic tests like x-rays and blood tests after that. Following the diagnosis and explanation of the problem to the patient, they will devise a treatment plan to assist them in leading an active and functional life. Nonsurgical or surgical therapy options are available. Some musculoskeletal problems can be managed without surgery. Orthopaedic surgeons might recommend medicine, exercise, rehabilitation, or other therapies as part of a therapy plan. Patients who do not respond to nonsurgical therapies should be referred to a surgeon. Orthopaedic surgery is a surgical procedure used to treat disorders or injuries of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic surgeons treat a variety of disorders that involve the bones, joints, ligaments, nerves, and muscles after proper diagnosis and consultation. They assist people with mobility impairments in regaining their independence and leading more fulfilling lives.